“Rasa” – a Sanskrit word which suggests ‘juice’ or ‘essence’ and aesthetics, it denotes an essential mantle state when such emotions evokes in. Read Abhigyan Shakuntalam book reviews & author details and more at Amazon .in. Free delivery on Abhijnana-Shakuntalam of Kalidasa. R. ar. In kalidas’s play Abhigyan Shakuntalam, Shakuntala was the foster child of Rishi Kanva. She was as beautiful and untouched as the flora and.

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We as spectators enjoy the emotions with the performing artists and this enjoyment is what is called natya-rasa. In the Natyashastra, Bharat muni tells that natya was extracted from the Vedas: Latest Stories For You. This site uses cookies. When she disclosed the pregnancy to Vishwamitra, she also confessed that she was sent by Indra to disturb his penance.

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The Natyashastra gives a detailed description of all aspects of the art of acting especially hand gestures and bodily wbhigyan like angika bodily movementsvaachika speechaharya costume and make-up and sattvika psychological energy of the actor. Kaushika was filled with wonder when he heard this. When Vishwamitra came to know of this he was infuriated. Kaushika instantly gives his food away to Indra and resumes his meditation. Must watch regarding knowledge of vedas.

It is only when their son Bharat was born that Dushyanta found him playing in the forest with a couple of lion cubs, opening their mouth with his bare hands, trying to count their teeth. This is probably the only play of Kalidasa where the vidusaka and the nayika do not meet. The best work for study the Rasa theory is Shakuntalam by Kavi Kalidas.

Rasa theory in “Shakuntalam” by Kalidas

The Natyashastra prescribes the time of day for the performance of plays of particular styles and themes, but the chief determining factor for performance is rasa.


The mind of the poet, hero and the audience is symbolized here by the director who holds together the various strands of the play so that the rasa can be realized and savored. The anger-prone sage Durvasa arrives when Shakuntala is lost in her fantasies, so that when she fails to attend to him, he curses her by bewitching Dushyanta into forgetting her existence. Log In Sign Up. Mahabharata contains many soul stirring stories.

This page was last edited on 16 Novemberat By showing guna-governed Lokcharita rasa drama entertains people of different tastes and choice at the same time.

He further states that drama is Lokcharita, replay abhigywn life of the people governed with three gunas- tama, raja and satva. He would not be tempted by the offer of untold wealth that was made by Kaushika, for after all who can set a price on a cow, which can readily yield all the riches in the world. It suakuntalam a kind of a wonderful journey with real love and heavenly atmosphere, the description of everything is very beautiful and wonderful.

Reconstructions from South Asiap. Shakuntala had lost the ring in the river when she ran her hand through the water while crossing it.

Abhigyan Shakuntalam- Kalidas’s Shakuntala in Raja Ravi Varma’s paintings.

Abhijnanasakuntalam by Kalidas has very effectively presented the experienced all the emotions of human life. Kalidasa borrows the plot from Mahabharata where Dushyanta after promising his love for Shakuntala returns to his kingdom incidentally forgetting her as years pass.

Kaildas suggests that every object and meaning has an emotional effect which diverts human mind with its experience and controls the heart and mind of human. Flying is another type of movement that kalidass be represented by a special gait that can be shown in Act sixth of Abhigyan Shakuntalam with the nymph Sanumati and the in Act seven in the aerial chariot scenes. The treatment of rasa by Kalidasa in his works has been highly appreciated by all his readers.


If, at the same time, it could be shown that the king’s oblivion was the result of some failing inherent in the love-situation of the protagonists, the nataka would have a plot of rare dramatic density. These are known as Sthayi Bhava or pervading stable emotion. Love is elevated from the sphere of physical beauty to the eternal heaven of moral beauty.

He ceases to eat, and reduces his breathing to a bare minimum. Since the play is a love drama the only negative emotions introduced in the play are worry, anxiety, sorrow and heartburn, but these emotions are just momentary. Vibhava is the cause karanathe main stimulating cause being termed as alambana vibhava the determinantand, the environmental factors that are additional causes termed as uddipana vibhava excitant. The American History and Encyclopedia of Shqkuntalam.

Shakuntala reached the court, she reminded the king of their marriage. Ascetics wear garments fashioned from the tree bark. She was as beautiful and untouched as the flora and fauna around the Hermitage. King Dushyanta had hit an arrow at the deer and the deer was wounded. Dushyanta enquires about his parents to young Bharata and finds out that Bharata is indeed his son. Bharatmuni has presented abhkgyan theory of Rasa in the sixth chapter of Natyashashtra, he has said that.