Prise en charge symptomatique de l’ascite maligne en phase palliative: place de la paracentèse et des diurétiques. Supportive care for malignant ascites in. Chez dix patients cirrhotiques porteurs d’une ascite sous tension, la pression voie endoscopique au moyen d’une fine aiguille, avant et après paracentèse. Mr G. presented for acute care 3 weeks ago with tense ascites, which was managed with a large volume paracentesis (LVP) of approximately 4 L. He was.

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He also has moderate bilateral peripheral edema. Management of ascites in cirrhosis.

What the exact risk of infection posed by an indwelling catheter is and whether or not patients require prophylactic antibiotics is not well defined in the literature. On examination, Mr G. Competing interests None declared.

Clinically, on investigation of a full, bulging abdomen, percussion of the flanks and checking for shifting dullness can detect ascites. Malignant ascites, Paracentesis, Diuretics.

He is married and has 3 adult children.

Ascites in patients with cirrhosis

Additional evidences are required before guidelines can be established for the palliative management of malignant ascites. Incidence, natural history, and risk factors of hepatic encephalopathy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt with polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent grafts. Cirrhosis and chronic liver failure: His abdomen is markedly distended with no pain on palpation or rebound tenderness, and testing for shifting dullness reveals positive results of fluid shift.


Large volume paracentesis, indwelling peritoneal catheters, or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts can be considered in refractory ascites.

The decision whether to continue serial therapeutic paracentesis versus considering a permanent indwelling catheter is guided by the patient and his or her burden of disease, prognosis, and goals of care. Second-line therapy includes the use ascte diuretics.

His overall appetite has declined, and this is distressing to his family. Prospective evaluation of the PleurX catheter when used to treat recurrent ascites associated with malignancy. Every 1 to 2 days, Mr G. The procedure is often performed in a doctor’s office or an outpatient clinic. Paracentee common decision-making point is whether to start diuretics as monotherapy or as combined therapy.

Paracentesis – Wikipedia

Inguinal hernia surgery Femoral hernia repair. Ascitd paracentesis, ascitic fluid analysis, and the use of the serum ascites albumin gradient are the most rapid and cost-effective methods of diagnosing the cause of ascites and directing management.

The ascitic paracrntese blood cell count can help determine if the ascites is infected. Findings from his cardiopulmonary examination are unremarkable. Colonoscopy Anoscopy Capsule endoscopy Enteroscopy Proctoscopy Sigmoidoscopy Abdominal ultrasonography Defecography Double-contrast barium enema Endoanal ultrasound Enteroclysis Lower gastrointestinal series Small-bowel follow-through Transrectal ultrasonography Virtual colonoscopy.


The series explores common situations experienced by family physicians doing palliative care as part paraacentese their primary care practice. Indwelling catheters, such as a pigtail catheter or a pleural catheter, are an option for those patients who require frequent paracenteses.

Ascites in patients with cirrhosis

He agrees to have a permanent indwelling catheter inserted. Place of paracentesis and diuretics.

The needle is removed, leaving the plastic sheath to allow drainage of the fluid. Fecal fat test Fecal pH test Stool guaiac test. The procedure is used to remove fluid from the peritoneal cavity, particularly if this cannot be achieved with medication.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Epub Oct Medical management Decision making on the management of ascites depends on the severity of symptoms and not the presence of ascites in and of itself.

Epub Jun Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for refractory ascites: Physiopathological mechanisms of ascites formation are complex and have yet to be fully elucidated. Frey’s procedure Pancreas transplantation Pancreatectomy Pancreaticoduodenectomy Puestow procedure.