This study had the objective of describing a case of dextrocardia with situs solitus and apex-basis axis inversion in a lesser anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla). Arq Bras Cardiol. Dec;91(6):e Anatomy of a dextrocardia case with situs solitus. Faig-Leite FS(1), Faig-Leite H. Author information: (1)Universidade. Herz. May;35(3) doi: /s Epub May Isolated dextrocardia with situs solitus (dextroversion). Solzbach U(1).

Author: Salrajas Grokazahn
Country: Romania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Software
Published (Last): 1 June 2015
Pages: 255
PDF File Size: 6.70 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.27 Mb
ISBN: 316-5-47571-421-6
Downloads: 94459
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gucage

There was no atrioventricular discordance or other intra and extracardiac malformations, which are commonly seen in cases of dextrocardia. The literature presents a great diversity of types and classifications for dextrocardia cases. In dextrocardia with situs solitus, a congenital condition, the heart is on the right side of the chest, but all of the other internal organs are in their normal positions.

Variants on the normal picture are relatively uncommon. In humans, dextrocardia cases with situs inversus totalisalso dextrocarsia with situs inversus Perloff,in the heart and in other organs, are presented as a mirror image of the normal disposition. Services on Dextrocarxia Journal. This condition – which is known as blue baby — happens when a baby doesn’t have enough oxygen, but transposed arteries are not the only reason it happens.

The left ventricle, which is the stronger portion of the heart, normally pumps blood to the entire body. Dextrocardia with sinus solitus.

What is dextrocardia with situs solitus?

The diaphragm muscle was removed and subsequently, the liver was dissected, which presented normal aspect and morphology. This diversity seems to be caused by the difficulty to establish criteria for a perfect classification Anatomic types of congenital dextrocardia; diagnostic and embryologic implications.


After that the animals had been radiographed and dissected, the aortic arch was removed after the sternum. What kidney problems can occur in babies? The main vases of the base were identified with some topographic alterations resulting in: The heart apex was positioned along the heart axis and was turned to the right side, thus demonstrating the dextrocardia.

The study by Van Praagh et al 6 is the only one that describes two cases that were identical to the case reported here, with more anatomic details. This study dextrocardiq not associated with any graduation program.

Anatomy of a dextrocardia case with situs solitus.

Anatomy of a dextrocardia case with situs solitus

The diagnosis of dextrocardia can be attained during the physical examination, through an electrocardiogram or imaging examination 4. By using this site, you agree to solitua Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Can Med Assoc J. The heart from the dextrocardic animal was located in the mediastinum between the 3rd and 4th intercostal spaces, whereas in other animals the heart was located solius the 3rd and 6th intercostal spaces showing that the dextrocardic animal had a smaller heart Figure 1 B and D.

Both cases, as in the present one, constituted necropsies of children younger than one year with a type of dextrocardia classified by the authors as dextrocardia with normally related great vessels.


Situs solitus is the normal position of thoracic ddextrocardia abdominal organs. Manuscript received January 11, ; revised manuscript received February 24, ; accepted March 10, Among the solifus studies, the one by Van Praagh et al 6 is worth mentioning, as it describes and classifies in details the different types of dextrocardia.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Thorax human anatomy Abdomen. These findings had not resulted in difference about the place of entrance and exit of the other cardiac vessels from basis Figure 2C.

The thorax of the anatomical piece was partially dissected, without the presence of the pericardium and the lungs.

This anomalous rotation of the heart made the pulmonary trunk emerge from the right ventricle abnormally, appearing much more superficial and extensive Figure 1. The abdominal cavity was open and the position of the viscera was normal, without any type of alteration, which characterized situs solitus.

The dextrocardia with situs solitus in itself wolitus not a common pathology in animals.

During the inspection of the pulmonary trunk, a large ductus arteriosus Botallo’s ductus was found Figure 2.

Birth Control Choices for Women.

The entire heart and vessels of the base were intact and had not been dissected. A similar situation described in the literature and involving animals was only described sollitus Castro et al.