Definition. The Gadaa system is an indigenous egalitarian democratic system practiced among the Oromo nation of East Africa for the last six. Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system. They also say investigating Oromo society without considering the Gadaa System is merely like a man walking without a skeleton. In fact, many.

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An Oromo cannot imagine functioning as a human being or living in a community apart from rules of behaviour preserved and protected in the Gada System. In the process of Gadaa governance Qaalluu is regarded as a representative of God, who is responsible to keep peace and order in the society.

The major activity of the Gada Assembly can be described as legislative. And they begin to grow a new hairstyle to represent their new status.

Today the Gada institutions have been preserved among the Borana and Guji clans of the Oromo nation. To sum up ‘Caacuu’ is a symbol of fertility and prosperity and also female ritual symbol according to Diinsa’s description.

For Jalata, Gadaa represents “the totality of Oromo civilization”.

Consensus through dialogue – as discussed above, whoever asks for the chance to speak first is granted the ability and the deliberation does not come to a wystem until all ideas and voices have been heard.

It was purely invented by the Gasaa and it is one of the most remarkable political systems which was highly democratic with effective legislative and judicial institutions. A number of scholars have studied Gadaa. Related East Africa Ethiopia.

Briefing: What is Oromo’s Gada system? | Horn Affairs

The Oromo had all that in the 16 th? In our contemporary political system elections are conducted every five or four years in between which citizens often pay little attention to matters of government. Gada, a puzzle or a Maze? In the Gada political system leaders who are unable to accomplish their duties are uprooted. Asmarom Legesse, First Full ed.


Based upon this diction, it sustem to give precise meaning and definition of Gadaa. Contemporary Oromo political culture, moral or ethical system and cultural traditions are shaped by the evolved traditions of Gada civilization.

The Gadaa System of the Oromo People | Participedia

sustem Regarding persons with special responsibilities, the Abba Gada, the elected chair of the class leadership presides over the assembly. Read the original article on Ethiopian Herald. Since, power transfer takes place elsewhere following elections, it would be interesting to see people gather and deliberate on sustem future of their country, not just before election but just before power transfer. Each speaker may support or oppose the view of their predecessor and, in doing so, the views of the minority are eventually swallowed by the majority consensually.

As to the study, age-set type of organizations might have begun when the society needed to sustain social order among themselves and to repel their rivals that were competing with them for land, water and power. Articles and commentaries that identify allAfrica. Here we can see systek enormous contribution of Qaalluu institution in Oromo’s politics.

They campaign on behalf of their sons. Who are the bearers and practitioners of the Gada system? It is not openly possessed and publicized to see and significant to ensure peace in resolution process.

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Gadaa regarded as one of the ancient type of social organization by relating it to culture of other Cushitic people. Method Data Participant Selection: One of the roles of the Yuba semi-retired classes are that they are main protagonists in the election campaigns.


There in lies why females and earth are considered as fertile. Ethiopia Your browser is not supported by this application. As to other scholars, the term Gsdaa is very difficult to define precisely.

Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo

Then the chance will be his. Whereas, among the Borana-Oromo, the general assembly takes place once in eight in the middle of the term of office of a leader. That is forty years long. Habeland also argued that Oromo’s culture is archaic and extremely simple. It would be very difficult to define and easily know the meaning of Gadaa unless we split it into the religious, political, and cultural institutions.

Hence, he seeks to balance the individual freedom of expression on the one hand, and the orderly environment of deliberation on the other. At each level of the development or Gada grade the classes hold corporate responsibilities. Fortunately, while he was looking after his herds Waaqa God spoke to him under Odaa tree sycamore tree that he had to preform what Waaqaa God order him.

And ordered the man to teach peoples of Walaabuu. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa father of Gadaahistorians most often say that it is impossible to know about Oromo’s background without understanding the ruling scheme of the Gadaa System.

The following is a brief description of the Gada system extracted from the documentation submitted to the UNESCO with some editing for the sake brevity. In a new development, women were allowed to attend the general meeting – something previously not expected of them.