The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. William H Wiser was the first one to introduce the term. THE JAJMANI SYSTEM. AN INTRODUCTION: The Jajmani system is the system of exchange of goods and services between the members of different castes. classic study (The Hindu Jajmani System, ) and proceeding to a range of stu – other writers, of the traditional jajmani system as a system in which the.

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It is a permanent relationship, which is caste-oriented. The jajmani system due to its jajamni strength did not allow the spread of feudalistic tendency to grow, as it contributes to the sgstem of social barriers. This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Indian caste system Hinduism in India Islam in India. Lastly, the members of high caste want to avoid the polluting as well as the specialised work.

At the syetem of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. Caste, any of the ranked, hereditary, endogamous social groups, often linked with occupation, that together constitute traditional societies in South Asia, particularly among Hindus in India. Do jajmans exploit the kamins by paying them meagre quantity of food-grains or a small amount of money by compensating them or in some other manner?

Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

Iravati Karve and Y. Since this system is hereditary, the kamin is assured of his occupation. Even the Brahmins do not accept these lower castes as their jajmans. Jajmani system is a socio-economic institution of the pre-industrial self-subsistent village economy. The kamin may be dependent on the jajman for his house-site, for places where his animals may graze, for wood and cow-dung fuel, for loan of tools, and so forth.


The jajmani system is not reciprocal in all the villages. The jajman also has the power to take the lands granted to the kamin, if jsjmani does not perform his services. Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another.

All these systems are linked very systwm to the jajmani system.

P was studied in by Opler and Singh and in N. The servicing castes are called Kamins while the castes served are called Jajmans. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. The kamins are assured of their economic security. Artisans prefer to get money for their goods. People from different castes had the opportunities to become jajmans.

Jajmani system – Wikipedia

There is exploitation and coercion. The village servants may also have tax-free use of village land.

Jajmani system is exploitative. According to Harold Gould, the Jajmani system is inter-relation of Jajmans patrons and Kameen occupational castes for the sake of maintaining an economic and religious equilibrium. The improved means of transport and communication has helped in making the market transactions easier.

Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. Such families have rights to serve all those who live in a particular section of the village. Every caste in the village does not happen to be a part of Jajmani system. It may thus be asserted that in the jajmani system, the jajman status neither coincides with a landlord class, a dominant caste or the like nor does it depend upon membership in any particular social group but upon the possession of land, or access to the produce from land by whatever means.


So, they try to adjust each other. The terminology of Jajmani System was introduced into the Indian social anthropology by William Wiser. According to the Jajmani System, [2] there is exchange of goods and services between landowning higher castes and landless service castes.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. According to Vidya Bhushan and Sachdeva, some of the important features of jajm- ani system are as follows: Please try again later.

According to in N. Fascism, political ideology and mass movement that dominated many parts of central, southern, and eastern…. For the services rendered, the servicing castes are paid in cash or in kind grains, fodder, clothes, and animal products like milk, butter, etc.

The sacred, semi-sacred and the secular Hindu literature and oral traditions authorise and justify the jajman-kamin relationship. Thank You for Your Contribution! Learn More in these related Britannica articles: