Princess Juliana Anicia (), daughter of the Anicius Olybrius, Emperor of the is available in facsimile and is now referred to as the Juliana Anicia Codex . PDF | The Greek pharmacopeia of Pedanius Dioscorides (20–70 CE), entitled Peri Ylis Ialikis (latinized as De Materia Medica, On Medical. Ancient Greek Illustrated Dioscoridean Herbals: Origins and Impact of the Juliana Anicia Codex and the Codex Neopolitanus. Article (PDF.

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Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index

The third book has 24 birds arranged in a grid on a full-page miniature see illustration above. This page was last edited on 5 Septemberat The second pair are Apollonius Mys and Nicander. The reader may wish to refer to Greek, Latin, or other versions: The garden pastinaca is fitter to be eaten, and is good for the same purposes, working more weakly.

The Physalis plant grows in many parts of the world: Mixed with honey, Physalis was said to improve eyesight; with wine, it supposedly cured toothache. His military years provided opportunities for studying diseases, collecting and identifying medicinal plants, and discovering other healing materials.

The genus of this herb was originally named Chironia after Chiron, a centaur of Greek mythology who was famous for his knowledge of medicinal plants. Vindobonensis Medicus Graecus 1, 6v Original Location: Folio 6v, donor portrait.


In addition to the text by Dioscorides, the manuscript has appended to it the Carmen de herbis attributed to Rufusa paraphrase of an ornithological treatise by a certain Dionysius, usually identified with Dionysius of Philadelphiaand a paraphrase of Nicander ‘s treatise on the treatment aniccia snake bites.

Whatever other values the Byzantines may have attributed to the plants that grew in gardens and fields, their significance here is pragmatic and functional.

Feminae: Details Page

The third kind has leaves similar to coriander, with white flowers, but a head and seed similar to dill []. It was probably not corrected against the Greek. Collecting Books, Manuscripts, Art.

The manuscript has extant full-page illustrations of plants out of the original illustrations. There are those that faithfully follow earlier classical models and present a quite naturalistic illustration of each plant.

There are also other illustrations that are more abstract. Greek AnthologyI. Jules Janick and Kim E. In all he described some one thousand remedies using approximately anicis hundred plants and plant products. Listed as Codex Vindobonensis Medicus Graecus 1.

Anicia Juliana

It is possible that there was a tradition based on Dioscurides’ life portrait that the images are based on. The early Middle Ages is a murky period in history for the study of vegetables, but a copy of the Codex of Dioskorides dating from to ad is illuminated with pictures of plants. I should like to have bought it, but the price frightened me; for a hundred ducats was named, a sum which would suit the Emperor’s purse better than mine.


The drawings are fairly accurate and convey the important physical characteristics of the vegetables and herbs shown. Dioscorides also recommended the Arum root as an expectorant.

Dioscorides recommended its leaves for treating skin diseases. The root also being urinary is applied to stir up sexual intercourse [aphrodisiac].

File:Kestron fol v Juliana Anicia Codex – Betonica – Wikimedia Commons

It belongs to a Jew, the son of Hamon, who, while he was still alive, was physician to Soleiman. Next to Rue, Wormwood is the bitterest herb. I shall not cease to urge the Emperor to ransom so noble an author from such slavery.

The mandrake root he is looking at is held by julianq personification of Epinoia the power of thought. Rubbed on the eyes as an ointment, it improved eyesight.

The spaces between the ropes contain putti working as masons and carpenters. Although not as naive as many other herbal writers, he showed little scientific interest concentrating rather on the practical uses of plants and sometimes giving only brief descriptions, perhaps from other primary jluiana. A Usurpation of Imperial Patronage?

For almost two millenia Dioscorides was regarded as the ultimate authority on plants and medicine.